The mod_cluster distribution includes a manager application which can be used to test your cluster topology and manage as well deployed applications across the cluster. In this tutorial we will show how to protect access to the mod_cluster_manager application with a password.
In order to protect our mod_cluster_manager application we will use a standard Apache directive named AuthUserFile directive which sets the name of a textual file containing the list of users and passwords for user authentication. The utility htpasswd is used to maintain the password file for HTTP Basic Authentication. Let’s see a concrete example. we will create an user named “admin” with password “admin”:
$ htpasswd -c /etc/modclusterpassword admin New password: Re-type new password: Adding password for user admin
Here is the file created by htpasswd:
Now let’s include a few directives into our mod_cluster_manager definition, so that a basic HTTP authentication will be requested for accessing our manager web application:<Location /mod_cluster_manager> SetHandler mod_cluster-manager AuthType Basic AuthName "MCM" AuthUserFile /etc/modclusterpassword Require user admin Order deny,allow Deny from all Allow from all </Location>
Security note! Make sure that the AuthUserFile is stored outside the document tree of Apache. Do not put it in the directory that it protects. Otherwise, clients may be able to download the AuthUserFile.
Now restart Apache web server and try to access the mod_cluster_manager application:
As you can see, now Apache Web server prompts for BASIC authentication.