It's time to learn new Quartz 2 API using JBoss EAP or WildFly. This tutorial shows how to create a simple Web application which will be deployed on the application server, triggering a Quartz Job. In the second part of it, we will show how to add an advanced configuration which includes a JDBC Job Store.

Using Quartz 2 API with JBoss EAP or WildFly

In the earlier versions of JBoss AS, Quartz was bundled along with the application server, now we will set up by ourselves: however don't worry it will take just a minute. You have two options in order to use Quartz

Option 1: Bundle Quartz in your Web application

This is the simplest option and it does not require any installation step on the application server. All you need is including the Quartz dependency in your pom.xml as follows:

 <dependency>
    <groupId>org.quartz-scheduler</groupId>
    <artifactId>quartz</artifactId>
    <version>2.2.1</version>
  </dependency>
  <dependency>
    <groupId>org.quartz-scheduler</groupId>
    <artifactId>quartz-jobs</artifactId>
    <version>2.2.1</version>
  </dependency>

If you are not using Maven to build your project, then you can simply download and bundle the Quartz libraries ( http://quartz-scheduler.org/downloads ) into your WEB-INF/lib folder.

Option 2: Install Quartz as a module in your application server

Create the following module structure under JBOSS_HOME/modules:
+---org
      +----quartz
                +-----main
                        module.xml
                        quartz-2.2.3.jar
                        quartz-jobs-2.2.3.jar
                        c3p0-0.9.1.1.jar
And here's module.xml file:
<module xmlns="urn:jboss:module:1.1" name="org.quartz">
  <resources>
    <resource-root path="quartz-2.2.3.jar"/>
    <resource-root path="quartz-jobs-2.2.3.jar"/>
    <resource-root path="c3p0-0.9.1.1.jar"/>
  </resources>
  <dependencies>
          <module name="org.slf4j"/>
          <module name="org.apache.log4j"/>
          <module name="javax.api"/>
  </dependencies>
</module>
Finally, you need to include the dependency to quartz either in your MANIFEST.MF file or jboss-deployment-structure.xml as in the following example:
<jboss-deployment-structure>
    <deployment>
        <dependencies>
            <module name="org.quartz" />
        </dependencies>
    </deployment>
</jboss-deployment-structure>

Coding a Quartz Test Servlet application

Now that you have arranged for Quartz libraries we will create a simple Quartz Servlet in it:
package com.mastertheboss;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.Date;
  
import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.annotation.WebServlet;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import java.io.*;

import org.quartz.*;
import org.quartz.impl.*;
import static org.quartz.JobBuilder.*;
import static org.quartz.TriggerBuilder.*;
import static org.quartz.DateBuilder.*;
@WebServlet("/TestQuartz")
public class TestQuartz extends HttpServlet {

private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;
        
   
    protected void doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
        throws ServletException, IOException {
          
        try {
            // step 1
        SchedulerFactory sf = new StdSchedulerFactory();
        Scheduler sched = sf.getScheduler();
        sched.start();
        
          
        Date runTime = evenMinuteDate(new Date());
        // Trigger the job to run on the next round minute
        Trigger trigger = newTrigger()
           .withIdentity("trigger1", "group1")
           .startAt(runTime)
           .build();
        // Define job instance
        JobDetail job1 = newJob(HelloJob.class)
           .withIdentity("job1", "group1")
           .build();
                              
        // Schedule the job with the trigger 
        sched.scheduleJob(job1, trigger); 

       // Set response content type
        response.setContentType("text/html");

       // Actual logic goes here.
        PrintWriter out = response.getWriter();
        out.println("<h1>Quartz Job Scheduled in a minute</h1>");
       }
        
        
         catch ( Exception de) {
            throw new IOException(de.getMessage());
        }
    }
  
}
And here's the simple HelloJob class:
package com.mastertheboss;

import org.quartz.Job;
import org.quartz.JobExecutionContext;
import org.quartz.JobExecutionException;

public class HelloJob implements Job {
	@Override
	public void execute(JobExecutionContext arg0) throws JobExecutionException {
		System.out.println("Hello World! - " + new java.util.Date());
	}
}
Surprised by the changes in the Quartz Api ? actually quartz contains a pretty load of new features which are enumerated here: http://quartz-scheduler.org/documentation/quartz-2.x/migration-guide
The most evident for you at the moment are Quartz static initializers. Quartz 2.0 API provides a new builder-based API based on a Domain Specific Language (DSL) for constructing job and trigger definitions. Usage of static imports makes your code nice and clean when using the new DSL.
Here's for example how you used to create a JobDetail in older quartz Api:
JobDetail job = new JobDetail("myJob", "myGroup");
job.setJobClass(MyJobClass.class);
job.getJobDataMap().put("someKey", "someValue");
and here's the Quartz 2.0 version:
JobDetail job = newJob(MyJobClass.class)
    .withIdentity("myJob", "myGroup")
    .usingJobData("someKey", "someValue")
    .build();

The application will be running at the following URL http://localhost:8080/quartz-demo/TestQuartz/

Source code available here: https://github.com/fmarchioni/mastertheboss/tree/master/quartz/quartz-demo-wildfly



Customizing Quartz properties


As it is, quartz will run against a RAMJobstore which stores in memory the Jobs. One advanced feature of this scheduler is that you can store your Jobs on a persistent store by means of a JDBC Connection or through a Datasource which is running on our application server.

In this example we will use MySQL to store our jobs, so connect to your MySQL database and create the Quartz tables (The scripts are bundled into Quartz distribution in the path docs\dbTables ):
CREATE TABLE QRTZ_JOB_DETAILS
  (
    SCHED_NAME VARCHAR(120) NOT NULL,
    JOB_NAME  VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL,
    JOB_GROUP VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL,
    DESCRIPTION VARCHAR(250) NULL,
    JOB_CLASS_NAME   VARCHAR(250) NOT NULL,
    IS_DURABLE VARCHAR(1) NOT NULL,
    IS_NONCONCURRENT VARCHAR(1) NOT NULL,
    IS_UPDATE_DATA VARCHAR(1) NOT NULL,
    REQUESTS_RECOVERY VARCHAR(1) NOT NULL,
    JOB_DATA BLOB NULL,
    PRIMARY KEY (SCHED_NAME,JOB_NAME,JOB_GROUP)
);
CREATE TABLE QRTZ_TRIGGERS
  (
    SCHED_NAME VARCHAR(120) NOT NULL,
    TRIGGER_NAME VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL,
    TRIGGER_GROUP VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL,
    JOB_NAME  VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL,
    JOB_GROUP VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL,
    DESCRIPTION VARCHAR(250) NULL,
    NEXT_FIRE_TIME BIGINT(13) NULL,
    PREV_FIRE_TIME BIGINT(13) NULL,
    PRIORITY INTEGER NULL,
    TRIGGER_STATE VARCHAR(16) NOT NULL,
    TRIGGER_TYPE VARCHAR(8) NOT NULL,
    START_TIME BIGINT(13) NOT NULL,
    END_TIME BIGINT(13) NULL,
    CALENDAR_NAME VARCHAR(200) NULL,
    MISFIRE_INSTR SMALLINT(2) NULL,
    JOB_DATA BLOB NULL,
    PRIMARY KEY (SCHED_NAME,TRIGGER_NAME,TRIGGER_GROUP),
    FOREIGN KEY (SCHED_NAME,JOB_NAME,JOB_GROUP)
        REFERENCES QRTZ_JOB_DETAILS(SCHED_NAME,JOB_NAME,JOB_GROUP)
);
CREATE TABLE QRTZ_SIMPLE_TRIGGERS
  (
    SCHED_NAME VARCHAR(120) NOT NULL,
    TRIGGER_NAME VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL,
    TRIGGER_GROUP VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL,
    REPEAT_COUNT BIGINT(7) NOT NULL,
    REPEAT_INTERVAL BIGINT(12) NOT NULL,
    TIMES_TRIGGERED BIGINT(10) NOT NULL,
    PRIMARY KEY (SCHED_NAME,TRIGGER_NAME,TRIGGER_GROUP),
    FOREIGN KEY (SCHED_NAME,TRIGGER_NAME,TRIGGER_GROUP)
        REFERENCES QRTZ_TRIGGERS(SCHED_NAME,TRIGGER_NAME,TRIGGER_GROUP)
);
CREATE TABLE QRTZ_CRON_TRIGGERS
  (
    SCHED_NAME VARCHAR(120) NOT NULL,
    TRIGGER_NAME VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL,
    TRIGGER_GROUP VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL,
    CRON_EXPRESSION VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL,
    TIME_ZONE_ID VARCHAR(80),
    PRIMARY KEY (SCHED_NAME,TRIGGER_NAME,TRIGGER_GROUP),
    FOREIGN KEY (SCHED_NAME,TRIGGER_NAME,TRIGGER_GROUP)
        REFERENCES QRTZ_TRIGGERS(SCHED_NAME,TRIGGER_NAME,TRIGGER_GROUP)
);
CREATE TABLE QRTZ_SIMPROP_TRIGGERS
  (          
    SCHED_NAME VARCHAR(120) NOT NULL,
    TRIGGER_NAME VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL,
    TRIGGER_GROUP VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL,
    STR_PROP_1 VARCHAR(512) NULL,
    STR_PROP_2 VARCHAR(512) NULL,
    STR_PROP_3 VARCHAR(512) NULL,
    INT_PROP_1 INT NULL,
    INT_PROP_2 INT NULL,
    LONG_PROP_1 BIGINT NULL,
    LONG_PROP_2 BIGINT NULL,
    DEC_PROP_1 NUMERIC(13,4) NULL,
    DEC_PROP_2 NUMERIC(13,4) NULL,
    BOOL_PROP_1 VARCHAR(1) NULL,
    BOOL_PROP_2 VARCHAR(1) NULL,
    PRIMARY KEY (SCHED_NAME,TRIGGER_NAME,TRIGGER_GROUP),
    FOREIGN KEY (SCHED_NAME,TRIGGER_NAME,TRIGGER_GROUP) 
    REFERENCES QRTZ_TRIGGERS(SCHED_NAME,TRIGGER_NAME,TRIGGER_GROUP)
);
CREATE TABLE QRTZ_BLOB_TRIGGERS
  (
    SCHED_NAME VARCHAR(120) NOT NULL,
    TRIGGER_NAME VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL,
    TRIGGER_GROUP VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL,
    BLOB_DATA BLOB NULL,
    PRIMARY KEY (SCHED_NAME,TRIGGER_NAME,TRIGGER_GROUP),
    FOREIGN KEY (SCHED_NAME,TRIGGER_NAME,TRIGGER_GROUP)
        REFERENCES QRTZ_TRIGGERS(SCHED_NAME,TRIGGER_NAME,TRIGGER_GROUP)
);
CREATE TABLE QRTZ_CALENDARS
  (
    SCHED_NAME VARCHAR(120) NOT NULL,
    CALENDAR_NAME  VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL,
    CALENDAR BLOB NOT NULL,
    PRIMARY KEY (SCHED_NAME,CALENDAR_NAME)
);
CREATE TABLE QRTZ_PAUSED_TRIGGER_GRPS
  (
    SCHED_NAME VARCHAR(120) NOT NULL,
    TRIGGER_GROUP  VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL, 
    PRIMARY KEY (SCHED_NAME,TRIGGER_GROUP)
);
CREATE TABLE QRTZ_FIRED_TRIGGERS
  (
    SCHED_NAME VARCHAR(120) NOT NULL,
    ENTRY_ID VARCHAR(95) NOT NULL,
    TRIGGER_NAME VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL,
    TRIGGER_GROUP VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL,
    INSTANCE_NAME VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL,
    FIRED_TIME BIGINT(13) NOT NULL,
    PRIORITY INTEGER NOT NULL,
    STATE VARCHAR(16) NOT NULL,
    JOB_NAME VARCHAR(200) NULL,
    JOB_GROUP VARCHAR(200) NULL,
    IS_NONCONCURRENT VARCHAR(1) NULL,
    REQUESTS_RECOVERY VARCHAR(1) NULL,
    PRIMARY KEY (SCHED_NAME,ENTRY_ID)
);
CREATE TABLE QRTZ_SCHEDULER_STATE
  (
    SCHED_NAME VARCHAR(120) NOT NULL,
    INSTANCE_NAME VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL,
    LAST_CHECKIN_TIME BIGINT(13) NOT NULL,
    CHECKIN_INTERVAL BIGINT(13) NOT NULL,
    PRIMARY KEY (SCHED_NAME,INSTANCE_NAME)
);
CREATE TABLE QRTZ_LOCKS
  (
    SCHED_NAME VARCHAR(120) NOT NULL,
    LOCK_NAME  VARCHAR(40) NOT NULL, 
    PRIMARY KEY (SCHED_NAME,LOCK_NAME)
);
The next thing we will do is creating a quartz-ds.xml datasource file (Using JBoss 7.1.1 you can just drop it into the deployments folder. )
<datasources xmlns="http://www.jboss.org/ironjacamar/schema">
  <datasource jndi-name="java:jboss/datasources/quartzDS" pool-name="MySQLPool">
      jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/quartz
      <driver>mysql-connector-java-5.1.20-bin.jar</driver>
      <pool>
          <max-pool-size>30</max-pool-size>
      </pool>
      <security>
          <user-name>quartz</user-name>
          <password>quartz</password>
      </security>
  </datasource>
</datasources>
Now drop mysql-connector-java-5.1.20-bin.jar as well into the deployments folder:
quartz 2 jboss 7 tutorial
Fine. Now the quartz.properties file:
#============================================================================
# Configure Main Scheduler Properties
#============================================================================
 org.quartz.scheduler.instanceName = MyScheduler
 org.quartz.scheduler.instanceId = AUTO
 #============================================================================
 # Configure ThreadPool
 #============================================================================
 org.quartz.threadPool.class = org.quartz.simpl.SimpleThreadPool
 org.quartz.threadPool.threadCount = 25
 org.quartz.threadPool.threadPriority = 5
 #============================================================================
 # Configure JobStore
 #============================================================================
 org.quartz.jobStore.class = org.quartz.impl.jdbcjobstore.JobStoreCMT
 org.quartz.jobStore.driverDelegateClass = org.quartz.impl.jdbcjobstore.StdJDBCDelegate
 org.quartz.jobStore.useProperties = false
 org.quartz.jobStore.dataSource = quartzDS
 org.quartz.jobStore.nonManagedTXDataSource = quartzDSNoTx
 org.quartz.jobStore.tablePrefix = QRTZ_
 org.quartz.jobStore.clusterCheckinInterval = 20000
 org.quartz.jobStore.isClustered = false
 org.quartz.jobStore.acquireTriggersWithinLock=true
 #============================================================================
 # Configure Datasources  
 #============================================================================
 org.quartz.dataSource.quartzDS.jndiURL= java:jboss/datasources/quartzDS
 org.quartz.dataSource.quartzDSNoTx.jndiURL= java:jboss/datasources/quartzDS
This Quartz property file basically sets up a scheduler based on the JobStoreCMT which is meant to be used in an application-server environment that provides container-managed-transactions. We have configured it to acquire connectionxs from the JNDI URL just defined, that is java:jboss/datasources/quartzDS
 
The last trick we need to do is letting the application server read the Quartz properties file: Actually the documentation suggests adding it into the Web application classpath. From my tests however, adding it into WEB-INF/classes suggests that the default quartz.properties are still picked up by JBoss AS.
I finally managed to get it working it by adding it as start up property to the application server (standalone.conf file)
JAVA_OPTS="-Xms64m -Xmx512m -XX:MaxPermSize=256m -Dorg.quartz.properties=/home/quartz/quartz.properties " ...
If you have configured it all correctly you should see the following log from your server, indicating that the JobStoreCMT has been successfully started:
07:29:10,330 INFO  [org.quartz.core.SchedulerSignalerImpl] (http--127.0.0.1-8080
-1) Initialized Scheduler Signaller of type: class org.quartz.core.SchedulerSignalerImpl
07:29:10,338 INFO  [org.quartz.core.QuartzScheduler] (http--127.0.0.1-8080-1) Quartz Scheduler v.2.0.2 created.
07:29:10,342 INFO  [org.quartz.impl.jdbcjobstore.JobStoreCMT] (http--127.0.0.1-8080-1) Using db table-based data access locking (synchronization).
07:29:10,347 INFO  [org.quartz.impl.jdbcjobstore.JobStoreCMT] (http--127.0.0.1-8080-1) JobStoreCMT initialized.
07:29:10,351 INFO  [org.quartz.core.QuartzScheduler] (http--127.0.0.1-8080-1) Scheduler meta-data: Quartz Scheduler (v2.0.2) 'MyScheduler' with instanceId 'NON_CLUSTERED'
  Scheduler class: 'org.quartz.core.QuartzScheduler' - running locally.
  NOT STARTED.
  Currently in standby mode.
  Number of jobs executed: 0
  Using thread pool 'org.quartz.simpl.SimpleThreadPool' - with 25 threads.
  Using job-store 'org.quartz.impl.jdbcjobstore.JobStoreCMT' - which supports persistence. and is not clustered.
07:29:10,365 INFO  [org.quartz.impl.StdSchedulerFactory] (http--127.0.0.1-8080-1) Quartz scheduler 'MyScheduler' initialized from default file in current working dir: 'quartz.properties'
07:29:10,370 INFO  [org.quartz.impl.StdSchedulerFactory] (http--127.0.0.1-8080-1) Quartz scheduler version: 2.0.2
That's all! As usual feedback from you is welcome !   
0
0
0
s2sdefault